Error message

Notice: Undefined offset: 0 in include() (line 35 of /home/it/www/www-icts/sites/all/themes/riley/templates/views/views-view-fields--related-file-field-collection-view.tpl.php).
Seminar
Speaker
Projjwal Banerjee (Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China)
Date & Time
27 January 2017, 15:00 to 16:00
Venue
Emmy Noether Seminar Room, ICTS Campus, Bangalore
Resources
Abstract

About 4.6 billion years ago, some event disturbed a cloud of gas and dust, triggering the gravitational collapse that led to the formation of the solar system. A core-collapse supernova, whose shock wave is capable of compressing such a cloud, is an obvious candidate for the initiating event. This hypothesis can be tested because supernovae also produce telltale patterns of short-lived radionuclides, which would be preserved today as isotopic anomalies. Previous studies of the forensic evidence have been inconclusive, finding a pattern of isotopes differing from that produced in conventional supernova models. Here we argue that these difficulties either do not arise or are mitigated if the initiating supernova was a special type, low in mass and explosion energy. Key to our conclusion is the demonstration that short-lived 10Be can be readily synthesized in such supernovae by neutrino interactions, while anomalies in stable isotopes are suppressed.