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Summer Courses
Raghu Murtugudde​ (Professor of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science and Earth System Science, University of Maryland, and Visiting Professor, IIT Bombay)
Date & Time
01 July 2019 to 19 July 2019
Emmy Noether Seminar Hall, ICTS Bengaluru
Application Deadline
20 April 2019

For understanding climate change, its causes and global warming, it is important to start from understanding weather and climate and why they exist on earth via the energy balance. The timescales of change vary from years to decades to centuries and millennia. Processes that drive climate change include tectonics, orbital change, ice ages, solar and volcanic forcings, and human activities. Carbon has always been a component of change at all timescales. Human influence is mostly through perturbations to the carbon cycle and the associated radiative forcing. Humans are now trying to navigate the future evolution of climate avoid the unmanageable and manage the unavoidable. This course provides a overview of all natural-human system issues related climate variability and change.

Text Book: Earth’s Climate: Past and Future by William F Ruddiman, 3rd Edition, MacMillan Publishing.

Report: IPC C AR5. Other reports and papers to be provided by the Instructor.


  1. Introduction to Climate Science
  2. Climate Data and Archives
  3. Tectonic Timescale Climate Change
  4. Orbital Timescale Climate Change
  5. Glacial/Deglacial Timescale Climate Change
  6. Millennial Oscillations
  7. Historic Climate Change
  8. Modern Climate Change
  9. Future Climate Change



  • 1 -19 July 2019 (Mon - Fri) 


  • 10:00 AM